The Different Types of Coffee Explained

coffee styles explained visually with multiple cups of coffees made different ways

The Different Types of Coffee Explained

If you've been sticking to the same coffee order day after day, feeling overwhelmed by the multitude of options available, then this blog is tailor-made for you.

Discover the various types of coffee you can enjoy at your favourite local coffee shop or brew at home using our exceptional selection of local Coffee Beans from Perth's Top Coffee Roasters.

While coffee terminology may differ across countries, we'll guide you through the Australian perspective on describing these delightful beverages.

We will start with black coffee:

Espresso coffee diagram

Espresso (short black)

Savour the concentrated essence of coffee with an espresso, a single shot of pure delight served in a petite ceramic cup. An Espresso forms the base of countless coffee creations.

In WA, our standard practice is to serve two shots, or a double shot, unless otherwise specified when you order an espresso or any espresso-based drink.

Experience the rich intensity that defines the espresso experience.


A Ristretto is a meticulously crafted "restricted" version of an espresso. This specialty brew is created using less water than an espresso, resulting in a more concentrated and velvety shot.

The Ristretto delivers the familiar richness of an espresso, yet with enhanced body and reduced bitterness. Immerse yourself in the refined artistry of a Ristretto for a truly elevated coffee experience.

Long Black

Enjoy the classic allure of a long black, a beloved coffee option that effortlessly marries the intensity of two espresso shots with the smoothness of hot water.

Served in a traditional ceramic cup, the long black offers a harmonious balance of flavours. When expertly crafted, you'll be greeted with a luscious layer of Crema atop this enticing brew.

Immerse yourself in the timeless elegance of the long black and savour every sip of its refined taste profile

Step into a new era of coffee at Perth Coffee Exchange. We're not your average coffee company—we're a catalyst for change. By bringing together 28 local coffee roasters, we've created a platform that offers endless possibilities.

Embrace the power of choice and discover a world of extraordinary coffee varieties, flavours, and stories that will revolutionise your coffee journey and ignite your taste buds. 

Now for coffee with a touch of milk:

Short Macchiato:

Indulge in the delightful simplicity of a short macchiato, a coffee masterpiece that starts with a shot of espresso and is delicately adorned with a touch of milk and foam.

Often served in a petite glass, this exquisite creation perfectly balances the richness of espresso with a subtle hint of creamy goodness. With each sip, experience the harmonious interplay of flavours and the artistry that goes into crafting this small yet impactful coffee delight.

Let the short macchiato awaken your senses and elevate your coffee experience to new heights.

long macchiato coffee diagram

Long Macchiato:

Experience the perfect harmony of bold espresso and velvety milk in the iconic Long Mac. Similar to its sibling, the Short Mac, this coffee masterpiece features two shots of espresso for an extra dose of intensity.

However, the true allure lies in the renowned "Long Mac Topped Up" order, a beloved choice among Perth coffee aficionados. In this variation, the coffee is generously filled with textured milk, creating a delightful balance of flavours and a latte-like experience.

Discover the secret behind this popular order and unlock a world of coffee possibilities with our guide to the Long Mac Topped Up.

Finally, our milk based coffee:

flat white coffee diagram

Flat White

Embrace our iconic Australian coffee culture with a Flat White. This beloved beverage begins with a perfectly extracted espresso shot, topped up with velvety steamed milk.

The result? A harmonious marriage of rich espresso and creamy milk, with a delicate layer of micro foam adorning the top. Served in a classic ceramic glass, the Flat White embodies simplicity and elegance in every sip.

Discover the art of balance and indulge in the smooth and satisfying flavours of this Aussie favourite.

Embark on an extraordinary coffee adventure and bid farewell to ever running out of sensational sips again with our exclusive Roaster of the Month Coffee Subscription designed for Australian Taste Buds.


Unleash your love for coffee with a classic Latte, another Australian favourite.

This delightful drink starts with a rich, velvety espresso, harmoniously combined with perfectly textured milk. The result? A symphony of flavours and a luscious layer of creamy foam crowning the top.

Served in a sleek and standard-sized glass, the Latte is a coffee lover's dream come true. Immerse yourself in the smooth, balanced taste and luxurious texture that make the Latte an absolute delight.


The Cappuccino is a classic coffee indulgence takes your taste buds on a journey with its robust espresso base, expertly combined with steamed milk and topped with a thick, luxurious foam.


To add a touch of sweetness and elegance, the Cappuccino is delicately dusted with a sprinkle of chocolate. Served in a standard ceramic mug, this is more than just a beverage—it's a work of art.

Coffee an Australian Love Affair

Coffee is a serious affair in Australia, and here in Perth, we take it to a whole new level! The Perth Coffee Scene has experienced a remarkable boom in recent years, with our local coffee roasters consistently delivering exceptional quality coffee beans that rivals the best in the country.

Take a journey of discovery with our curated Coffee Tasting Boxes, featuring a delightful selection of brews that will tantalise your taste buds and showcase the true essence of our vibrant coffee scene.

Explore the incredible coffee roasters we have right here in Perth, learn their stories, taste their craftsmanship, and immerse yourself in the artistry of coffee.

Join us in celebrating the passion and dedication of our local coffee roasters and embark on a coffee adventure like no other.

Up Next ---> The Best Coffees of 2022

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